Brain And Vitamins

In addition to calcium, vitamin D is necessary to maintain adequate bone density. The 2 major forms are ergocalciferol (D2) and cholecalciferol (D3, shown). It is naturally produced by the human body when exposed to direct sunlight, but given the decreased amount of sun exposure most adults get as they age secondary to indoor jobs, supplementation is frequently necessary. Dairy products and fatty fish are good sources of dietary vitamin D. Adults younger than 50 years of age should receive 400-800 IU of vitamin D 3 daily. All adults older than 50 years should receive 800-1000 IU of vitamin D 3 daily.
Tumours often occur in the region of the pineal gland. Some of them secrete excessive amounts of pineal hormones, while others are tumors of the surrounding tissue and press the pineal gland, destroying it. Both types of tumors are often associated to hypogonadism or hypergonadism. So, maybe the pineal gland has a role in controlling sexual impulse and on reproduction in humans. FROM Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology 12th edition

From Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology 12th edition #Pineal #Gland

There are 4 main dopamine pathways in the brain
How they relate to schizophrenia:

1. Nigro-Striatal: substantial nigra to basal ganglia, involved in movement (what gets affected to cause EPS: tardive dyskinesia, akatisia)

2. Meso-Limbic: VTA to nucleus accumbens, “reward” pathway (causes the positive symptoms of schizophrenia)

3. Meso-Cortical: VTA to cortex, motivation and emotional response (thought to cause the negative symptoms of schizophrenia)

4. Tubulo-Infundibular: hypothalamus to posterior pituitary (hypoprolactinemia in untreated individuals, but D2 blockade with antipsychotics can cause a hyperprolactenemia)

More at http://sketchymedicine.com/2012/01/dopamine-pathways-in-the-brain-and-schizophrenia/

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The entire contents of this website are based upon opinions, unless otherwise noted. Individual articles are based upon the opinions of the respective author, who retains copyright as marked. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information from the research and experience.Therefore all of the medical and herb information on this blog are based on a research. The sources are Dr. Joseph Mercola, Dr Weixl-Várhegyi László,and the candidate of the herbalogie Szabo Gyorgy .